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Understanding the Intervention Project for Nurses Monitoring Contract

If you are a nurse (i.e. LPN, RN, APRN, etc) and have decided to participate in the Intervention Project for Nurses (“IPN”) you will first have to undergo an evaluation, which will include an interview with an IPN approved doctor and a toxicology test. After this evaluation has been completed, IPN may suggest no monitoring or require that you enter into a monitoring contract.

Typically, you have roughly two weeks to sign the monitoring contract. Prior to signing the contract, you should thoroughly review the IPN Participant Manual so that you understand the requirements for participation. The last thing you want is to comply with the monitoring contract only to have your contract extended or have your case referred to the Board of Nursing because you failed to adhere to the Participant Manual’s requirements.

You will also receive a contract packet, which will include: (1) Progress Evaluation for Therapy Form; (2) Work Performance Evaluation Form; (3) Notice of Address/Employer Change; (4) IPN Medication Management Evaluation Form and (5) Medication Report. Depending on your situation you many not be required to complete all of these forms.

Requirements

Contract lengths typically vary from 2 – 5 years and you are required to keep your contact information updated throughout the term of the contract. IPN will review your participation after one year of active monitoring. If you comply with the terms of the contract they will grant you early completion and suspend your contract. For example, if you are have a 2 year contract term and you pass all of your toxicology testing and other requirements under the contract IPN may suspend the second year of your contract so that you can return to practice without any further obligations under the contract.

During the contract period you will be required to undergo random toxicology testing. This is an abstinence contract which means that you are prohibited from using mood altering, controlled or addictive substances including alcohol or alcohol-based products or THC/cannabis products (i.e. CBD, Hemp, etc.). This is true even if you are not participating in the IPN program for any of these specific products.

Periodically, you will need to check in with the Affinity eHealth/Spectrum Compliance App for your toxicology testing notification Monday through Friday. Again, to ensure the accuracy of your testing, you must adhere to the recommendations in the Random Toxicology Testing section of your Participation Manual.

You are required to complete and submit a quarterly self-report online via the Spectrum Compliance App. Quarterly reports are due in January, April, July and October. The App will have a complete list of reports due each quarter some of which can be downloaded from the available reports page by clicking on the PDF link.

Employment Expectations

Prior to accepting a position (paid or volunteer) and/or beginning nursing school clinicals, you are required to inform your immediate supervisor you are an IPN participant. Your position must include direct supervision by another licensed healthcare professional who is: (1) aware of your IPN participation; (2) working on the premises or same unit with periodic observation; (3) readily available to provide assistance and intervention; (4) willing to complete required employer report each quarter.

RNs must be supervised by another RN or APRN and LPNs must be supervised by RNs. LPNs may only be supervised by LPNs in nursing home facilities. You must immediately notify and/or obtain approval from IPN prior to starting or making any changes in any health care related position (i.e. resignation/termination, new employment, supervisor change, etc.) You are also required to work in nursing a minimum of twelve (12), eight (8) hour shifts per quarter while employed, to meet completion criteria.

Unless you have special approval from IPN you may not: (1) be self-employed or work for multiple employers; (2) work for more than 40 hours per week and/or more than 84 hours bi-weekly, if not working 12-hour shifts; (3) work for an agency, home hospice, home health, or float outside the areas supervised by your manager.

Current Status

Your Contract will also state your employment status. Depending on the severity of your condition you may be approved for employment in a supervised nursing position. You are required to provide your immediate supervisor with a copy of the Monitoring Contract and provide your supervisor’s email address to IPN for completion of your quarterly reports. You also need to provide IPN with the contact information for your current place of employment as well as the name of your immediate supervisor. If you fail to relay this information to IPN you may face immediate termination from the IPN program.

Review for Early Completing

As stated above, you may have your contract reviewed for early completion. However, it is contingent upon: (1) compliance with all terms of the Monitoring Contract; (2) negative toxicology tests; (3) minimum of six (6) consecutive months of negative toxicology tests preceding the contract completion date; (4) satisfactory work performance in a clinical nursing position for a minimum of one year; (5) if applicable, recommendation for completion form your Support Group Facilitator, employment supervisor, and treatment provider; and (6) if applicable, work successfully for six (6) months in a clinical nursing capacity subsequent to controlled substance restriction being lifted. For Board of Nursing participants, a readiness-to-complete evaluation is mandatory.

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It should be noted that I am not your lawyer (unless you have presently retained my services through a retainer agreement). This post is not intended as legal advice, it is purely educational and informational, and no attorney-client relationship shall result after reading it. Please consult your own attorney for legal advice. If you do not have one and would like to retain my legal services, please contact me using the contact information listed above.

 

All information and references made to laws, rules, regulations, and advisory opinions were accurate based on the law as it existed at this time, but laws are constantly evolving. Please contact me to be sure that the law which will govern your business is current. Thank you.

Jamaal Jones Wins Against Florida Board of Nursing

On June 6th, Jamaal R. Jones represented a client during a Board of Nursing hearing at the Streamsong Resort. The Board wanted to permanently revoke the client’s nursing license, pay over $15k in fines, etc. stemming from very serious allegations. Mr. Jones was able to secure a settlement of only 6 months of probation without an admission of guilt! Great result and a grateful client!

Establishing A Mobile IV Therapy Clinic in Florida

Recently, I’ve received several inquiries from doctors, nurses and healthcare entrepreneurs who are considering opening mobile intravenous therapy clinics throughout Florida but have some legal concerns. In the past, there weren’t many Florida laws enacted to significantly regulate IV therapy clinics whether mobile or not and not much has changed over the years. Florida doesn’t have corporate practice of medicine limitations which is attractive for many of these individuals.

What is Intravenous Therapy?

The administration of intravenous (“IV”) therapy is defined as the therapeutic infusion and/or injection of substances (i.e. supplements, vitamins and minerals) through the venous peripheral system, consisting of activity which includes observing, initiating, monitoring, discontinuing, maintaining, regulating, adjusting, documenting, planning, interviewing and evaluating. It involves the administration of medication through a needle or catheter. It is believed by some that delivering medication directly into the bloodstream can help to quickly manage a patient’s pain or symptoms. In addition to treating illnesses, IV therapy proponents claim that it may also increase athletic performance, reduce jet lag, build immunity or help with dehydration by using vitamins and minerals. According to several practitioners, IV therapy should be customized for each patient’s needs to maximize results.

What is a Mobile IV Therapy Clinic?

A license issued by the Agency for Healthcare Administration (“Agency”) is required to operate a clinic in Florida. Each clinic location must be licensed separately regardless of whether the clinic is operated under the same business name or management as another clinic. In Florida, a clinic is an entity where health care services are provided to individuals and which tenders charges for reimbursement for those services, including a mobile clinic and a portable equipment provider. A mobile clinic means a movable or detached self-contained health care unit within or from which direct health care services are provided to individuals. Each mobile clinic must obtain a separate healthcare clinic license and must provide to the Agency, at least quarterly, its projected street location to enable the agency to locate and inspect the clinic.

Additionally, a home infusion therapy provider must be licensed as a home health agency or nurse registry. Nurse registries can refer nurses to patients to provide home infusion therapy. “Home infusion therapy provider” means an organization that employs, contracts with, or refers a licensed professional who has received advanced training and experience in intravenous infusion therapy and who administers infusion therapy to a patient in the patient’s home or place of residence. “Home infusion therapy” means the administration of intravenous pharmacological or nutritional products to a patient in his or her home.

A healthcare professional licensed as an acupuncturist, medical doctor, osteopathic doctor, nurse, midwife, speech pathologist, occupational therapist, physical therapist and others, whether or not incorporated, are exempt from the licensure requirements of Florida Statute 400.464 if they are acting alone within the scope of his or her professional license to provide care to patients in their homes.

The application for a healthcare clinic license must include information pertaining to the name, residence and business address, phone number, social security number and license number of the medical or clinic director of the licensed medical providers employed or under contract with the clinic.

Who Can Provide IV Therapy?

Most Florida licensed medical doctors, osteopathic doctors, dentists, registered nurses, medical assistants, and licensed practical nurses may provide iv therapy to patients if they possess the appropriate certifications and training. Several of these practitioners must complete a required 30-hour IV certification course. Regardless of who you hire to provide IV therapy they should have several years of experience with administering IVs.

1. Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

Some have inquired about the appropriateness of hiring an emergency medical technician (“EMT”) or a paramedic to administer IV therapy to the clinic’s patients. Florida law makes a clear distinction between what types of services an EMT and paramedic may provide. An EMT is defined as a person who is certified by the Department of Health to perform “basic life support”. A paramedic is defined as someone who is certified by the DOH to provide basic and advanced life support. Paramedics hold a certificate of successful completion in “advanced cardiac life support” from the American Heart Association (“AHA”) or its equivalent, whereas EMTs are only required to hold a current AHA cardiopulmonary resuscitation course card. This distinction between basic and advanced life support is important. Florida law states that Advanced life support means assessment or treatment by an appropriately qualified individual to use techniques such as endotracheal intubation, the administration of drugs or intravenous fluids, cardiac monitoring and cardiac defibrillation. Basic life support means the assessment or treatment by a person qualified to use techniques as described in the EMT-Basic National Standard Curriculum or the National EMS Education Standards of the USDOT, which includes the administration of oxygen and other techniques. The DOH has taken action against several IV clinics, which were identified as posing a potential health threat to Florida’s residents and visitors. DOH investigators have issued several cease and desist notices to paramedics and EMTs for operating outside their scope of practice for practicing medicine without the proper license.

2. Medical Assistants

Medical Assistants involved in the performance of IV therapy must receive training and certification in IV procedures. All IV therapy provided by a medical assistant must be done under direct supervision of a practitioner who is trained and has experience in the administration, potential side effect and complications related to IV therapy. If services are provided in an office setting (or mobile clinic) the experienced practitioner should always present in the office whenever a medical assistant is providing IV therapy to a patient. In a Florida Board of Medicine case, the Board held that medical assistants may lawfully perform IV infusion therapy as long as it is performed under the direct supervision and responsibility of a Florida licensed physician that is always present in the office whenever a medical assistant is providing the therapy to a patient.

3. Licensed Practical Nurses

Aspects of IV therapy may be outside the scope of practice of a licensed practical nurse (“LPN”) unless under the direct supervision of the registered professional nurse or physician and which shall not be performed or initiated by the LPN without direct supervision include the following:

          • Initiation of blood and blood products;
          • Initiation or administration of cancer chemotherapy;
          • Initiation of plasma expanders;
          • Initiation or administration of investigational drugs;
          • Mixing IV solution;
          • IV pushes, except heparin flushes and saline flushes.

With the exception of those aspects of IV therapy deemed outside the scope of practice of the LPN, and subject to the approval of the institution at which the LPN is employed, any LPN who meets the competency knowledge requirements is authorized to administer intravenous therapy under the direction of a registered professional nurse. “Under the direction of a registered professional nurse” means that the registered professional nurse has delegated IV therapy functions to a qualified LPN. The registered professional nurse does not in all instances have to be on the premises in order for the licensed practical nurse to perform the delegated functions. Direct supervision means on the premises and immediately physically available. Only license practical nurses that have met the education and competency requirement in state nursing rules can provide infusion therapy.

Who Pays for IV Therapy?

The overwhelming majority of mobile IV therapy patients will be self-pay. Medicare, Medicaid and commercial payors typically won’t cover the costs for these treatments. However, I have seen reports where commercial payors may utilize specific per diem codes to pay certain infusion providers for services, supplies and equipment. Medicare has limited coverage for home infused drugs under the Part B and Part D benefit when it is medically justified.

Other Considerations

As a medical provider you must anticipate that medical emergencies may emerge even during the most routine situations. Providers should have adequate insurance coverage for claims arising out of injury to or death of a patient and damage to the property of others resulting from any cause for which the owner of the mobile IV clinic would be liable. In lieu of malpractice insurance, a provider may furnish a certificate of self-insurance as evidence that the provider has established adequate self-insurance to cover these types of risks.

Because IV injection involves direct access into the patient’s circulatory system, sterile equipment and sterile technique must be used to avoid the introduction of any pathogens into a patient’s bloodstream. The practitioner must inspect vials for signs of contamination such as particulate matter, cloudiness, or inappropriate color. The practitioner must use a sterile alcohol wipe to cleanse the top of the vial and withdraw the fluid form the vial using a sterile needle and a sterile syringe. Practitioners must follow Universal Precautions, as described by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards (“OSHA”). To ensure safe and proper administration of infusion drugs you should consider providing some of the following services:

      • Patient Assessment
      • Drug interaction monitoring
      • Patient education
      • Patient monitoring
      • Car planning
      • Maintenance of storage, preparation, dispensing and quality control of all infusion medications and equipment.

I would advise against treating individuals under the influence of alcohol, suffering from congestive heart failure, history of aneurysms, kidney or renal disease and high blood pressure. Patients should also be 18 or older and valid written consent forms should be signed by every patient.

You must have a medical director who is employed or contracted by the clinic licensee and who provides medical supervision, including appropriate quality assurance but not including administrative and managerial functions, for daily operations and training. Additionally, a health care practitioner may not serve as the clinic director if the services provided at the clinic are beyond the scope of that practitioner’s license.

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It should be noted that I am not your lawyer (unless you have presently retained my services through a retainer agreement). This post is not intended as legal advice, it is purely educational and informational, and no attorney-client relationship shall result after reading it. Please consult your own attorney for legal advice. If you do not have one and would like to retain my legal services, please contact me using the contact information listed above.

All information and references made to laws, rules, regulations, and advisory opinions were accurate based on the law as it existed at this time, but laws are constantly evolving. Please contact me to be sure that the law which will govern your business is current. Thank you.

IV Hydration Masterclass: Legal Requirements of Starting an IV Hydration Business